The Regulation of Cosmetics: Under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act, cosmetic products and ingredients do not require FDA approval before they go on the market. The exception is color additives (other than those used in most hair dyes). Companies and individuals who market cosmetics have the legal responsibility to ensure the safety of their products.
Safety Data and Its Limitations: FDA monitors the safety of cosmetic products that are being marketed and acts on products that are established to be harmful to consumers when used as intended.
The agency has a number of ways to monitor these products but often the available safety information is limited:
Voluntary Cosmetic Registration Program: FDA encourages cosmetic firms to report product formulations through the VCRP. The VCRP database provides important information on these cosmetics. However, the companies are not legally required to tell FDA about their products and safety data.
Inspections: FDA can inspect manufacturing facilities to determine if proper controls and practices are being followed. FDA also works with U.S. Customs and Border Protection to examine imported cosmetics. But because resources are limited, only a few establishments are inspected each year, and just a fraction of imports are physically examined.
To be Personal Consultant or place an order, call Kat Aguirre at (818) 600-2348.
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